To examine the literature on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) used in the treatment, prevention and supportive care in patients with COVID‐19.
A narrative review was performed.
A systematic and comprehensive search was conducted on both Chinese and English electronic databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, PsycINFO. Articles published from 1 December 2019 to 1 April 2020 were included in this review.
Studies reporting on the treatment and prevention of COVID‐19 using TCM regardless of study designs were included. In addition, grey literatures, including media reports on Chinese government websites or official media websites and treatment guidelines were searched for TCM treatment and prevention on COVID‐19.
Limited research has been published on the use of TCM for COVID‐19. We qualitatively described and synthesized the published research and current clinical practice on the use of TCM for COVID‐19, and focused on the following areas: TCM treatment used in SARS, MERS, H1N1; TCM treatment plan for COVID‐19; TCM in Prevention and Treatment at Early Stage of COVID‐19; TCM emotional therapy; and personalized TCM treatment plan.
The combination of western medicine and TCM in treatment, and treatment based on the local condition, isolation, personal protective measures are of great significance for the prevention and treatment of COVID‐19. Relevant laboratory research and clinical evaluation should be continued to collect scientific evidences on the efficacy of TCM.
TCM has been used in the treatment and prevention of COVID‐19 in China, and the clinical evidences indicated that TCM regulates immunity and exerts anti‐viral effect simultaneously. This review provides practical recommendation for the policymakers in the selection process of the treatment and preventive measures for the global pandemic of COVID‐19.